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General Features of the family Zingiberaceae

Zingiberaceae with about 50 genera and more than 1500 species are distributed mainly in the tropics and subtropics. India has rich diversity of Zingiberaceous plants. perhaps 200 of the world taxa occur in India. Many species are economically important as source of food.


Curcuma L.
Sp. Pl. 2. 1753

The genus is of great economic importance and at the same time is one of the rather difficult genera with in the family. With about 120 species distributed mostly in tropical and subtropical Asia with a few species extending to Australia and the Pacific region. In India the genus has maximum species diversity in Peninsular Indian region. They are perennial rhizomatous herbs; Inflorescence terminal or lateral spike formed of spirally arranged bracts. Upper bracts are brightly coloured and are called coma.

Curcuma aeruginosa
Curcuma amada
Curcuma aurantiaca
Curcuma caesia
Curcuma coriacea
Curcuma decipiens
Curcuma ferruginea
Curcuma haritha
Curcuma inodora
Curcuma karnatakensis
Curcuma leucorrhiza
Curcuma longa
Curcuma oligantha var. lu...
Curcuma malabarica
Curcuma montana
Curcuma neilghirrensis
Curcuma oligantha var. ol...
Curcuma pseudomontana
Curcuma raktakanta
Curcuma roscoeana
Curcuma rubrobracteata
Curcuma vamana
Curcuma xanthorrhiza
Curcuma cannanorensis
Curcuma codonantha
Curcuma kudakensis
Curcuma latifolia
Curcuma mangga
Curcuma prakasha
Curcuma reclinata
Curcuma sulcata
Curcuma thalakavariensis

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