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General Features of the family Zingiberaceae

Zingiberaceae with about 50 genera and more than 1500 species are distributed mainly in the tropics and subtropics. India has rich diversity of Zingiberaceous plants. perhaps 200 of the world taxa occur in India. Many species are economically important as source of food.

 

Kaempferia L.
Sp. Pl. 2. 1753.

Small herb with short rhizomes and tuberous roots. The lateral staminodes are large. Bifid labellum and the two staminodes form a flat, quadrate structure giving the impression of a 4-merous floer. The genus which spread throughout tropical Asia with the centre of diversity in monsoon Asi, where Thailand seems to be the area with most species. It is having about 70 species with 7 representatives in India, including 3 endemics. Kaempferia siphonantha (King) Baker transferred to Boesenbergia.

Kaempferia elegans
Kaempferia galanga
Kaempferia marginata
Kaempferia rotunda
Kaempferia scaposa

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