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General Features of the family Zingiberaceae

Zingiberaceae with about 50 genera and more than 1500 species are distributed mainly in the tropics and subtropics. India has rich diversity of Zingiberaceous plants. perhaps 200 of the world taxa occur in India. Many species are economically important as source of food.


Roscoea Sm.
Exot. Bot. 2:97, t. 108

A temperate genus with 17 species growing in the Himalayan mountain ranges from Kashmir to Meghalaya, Tibet and Western China at 1200 - 5000 m altitudes. The genus is closely allied to Cautleya Hook.. Small herbs with leafy shoot from an erect, rhizome. Flowers in terminal spike, bracts free, flowers purplish.In India 5 species are reported of which 3 are endemic.


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