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General Features of the family Zingiberaceae

Zingiberaceae with about 50 genera and more than 1500 species are distributed mainly in the tropics and subtropics. India has rich diversity of Zingiberaceous plants. perhaps 200 of the world taxa occur in India. Many species are economically important as source of food.



Ensete is an unique genus with chromosome number n=9. It is characterized by non-stoloniferous habit and is propagated only by seeds. The genus consists of seven species and one variety and is distributed discontinuously between tropical Africa and tropical Asia. But in India there are only two species viz., E. glaucum and E. superbum.


Ensete glaucum
Ensete superbum


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